was a British Indian Agent and Militia
officer in the years between the
American Revolution and the War of
Born in Ireland about 1739, Elliott
migrated to America in1761. He
participated in the expedition of
Colonel Henry Bouquet in 1763 and
1764 and spent the next several years
as an Indian Trader in Ohio.
He was a resident of Pittsburg at the
outbreak of the American Revolution.
Elliott originally sided with the
Americans but became disillusioned in
the late 1770's with the American
cause. He had hoped to make his
fortune through trade with the indians,
but Continental Army and militia forces
|Colonel Matthew Elliott . . .
had been destroying Indian villages in the Ohio Country to prevent native attacks against white settlements in western
Pennsylvania. Following the Squaw Campaign led by American Edward Hand against native villages in eastern Ohio, Elliott
switched his allegiance to the British in 1778. He went to Fort Detroit, England's most important stronghold in the West. He
spent the remainder of the war trading manufactured goods for furs with the natives and helping the English solidify alliances
with the Indians.
Aflter the American Revolution, Elliott continued to work as an Indian Agent and eventually acquired a 4,000 acre estate
near what is now Amherstsburg, Canada. He participated on the British side in several of the major campaigns of the War of
Matthew Elliott died in 1814 after a brief Illness.